AskDefine | Define shroud

Dictionary Definition

shroud

Noun

1 a line that suspends the harness from the canopy of a parachute
2 (nautical) a line (rope or chain) that regulates the angle at which a sail is set in relation to the wind [syn: sheet, tack, mainsheet, weather sheet]
3 burial garment in which a corpse is wrapped [syn: pall, cerement, winding-sheet, winding-clothes]

Verb

1 cover as if with a shroud; "The origins of this civilization are shrouded in mystery" [syn: enshroud, hide, cover]
2 form a cover like a shroud; "Mist shrouded the castle"
3 wrap in a shroud; "shroud the corpses"

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

Old English scrūd

Pronunciation

Noun

  1. That which clothes, covers, conceals, or protects; a garment.
  2. Especially, the dress for the dead; a winding sheet.
  3. That which covers or shelters like a shroud.
  4. A covered place used as a retreat or shelter, as a cave or den; also, a vault or crypt.
  5. The branching top of a tree; foliage.
  6. A rope or cable serving to support the mast sideways.
    • See also Wikipedia article on
  7. One of the two annular plates at the periphery of a water wheel, which form the sides of the buckets; a shroud plate.

Translations

dress for the dead
mast support

Verb

  1. To cover with a shroud.
  2. : To conceal or hide from view, as if by a shroud.
    The details of the plot were shrouded in mystery.

Extensive Definition

Shroud usually refers to an item, such as a cloth, that covers or protects some other object. The term is most often used in reference to burial sheets, or winding-sheets, such as the famous Shroud of Turin or Tachrichim (burial shrouds) that Jews are dressed in for burial. Traditionally, burial shrouds are made of white cotton, wool or linen, though any material can be used so long as it is made of natural fibre.
The Early Christian Church also strongly encouraged the use of winding-sheets, except for monarchs and bishops, and their use was general until at least the Renaissance - clothes were very expensive, and they had the advantage that a good set of clothes was not lost to the family. Orthodox Christians still sometimes use a burial shroud, usually decorated with a cross and the Trisagion. The special shroud that is used during the Orthodox Holy Week services is called an Epitaphios.
Other specific usages of the term "shroud" include:
The Shroud is an alien/mutant/etc. race from Pariah, an Xbox and PC video game.

References

shroud in French: Suaire
shroud in Polish: Całun
shroud in Portuguese: sudário
shroud in Russian: Плащаница
shroud in Turkish: Kefen
shroud in Ukrainian: Плащаниця

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

advocate, alpenstock, apparel, arm, armor, array, athletic supporter, attire, back, backbone, backing, bandeau, bearer, becloud, bedeck, bedrape, befog, blanket, bless, blind, block out, box, bra, brace, bracer, bracket, brassiere, bundle up, buttress, camouflage, cane, carrier, case, cerecloth, cerement, cerements, cervix, champion, cloak, close, clothe, cloud, coat, compass about, conceal, copyright, corset, cover, cover up, coverage, covering, covert, coverture, cowl, cowling, crate, crook, crutch, curtain, cushion, deck, defend, dight, disguise, dissemble, distract attention from, drape, drapery, dress, dud, eclipse, embox, embrace, encapsulate, encase, enclose, enclothe, endue, enfold, enrobe, ensconce, enshroud, ensure, envelop, enwrap, fence, fend, foundation garment, fulcrum, garb, garment, girdle, gloss over, graveclothes, guarantee, guard, guise, guy, guywire, habilitate, hanging, harbor, haven, hide, hood, housing, insure, invest, jock, jockstrap, keep, keep from harm, keep under cover, lap, mainstay, maintainer, make safe, mantle, mask, mast, muffle up, neck, nestle, obfuscate, obscure, obstruct, occult, pack, package, pall, patent, police, prop, protect, rag out, raiment, register, reinforce, reinforcement, reinforcer, rest, resting place, ride shotgun for, rigging, robe, safeguard, screen, secure, shade, sheathe, shelter, shield, shoulder, shut off, shut out, slur over, smother, spine, sprit, staff, standing rigging, stave, stay, stick, stiffener, strengthener, support, supporter, surround, sustainer, swaddle, swathe, tire, underwrite, upholder, varnish, veil, vestment, walking stick, whitewash, winding sheet, wrap, wrap about, wrap up
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