1 a line that suspends the harness from the canopy of a parachute
2 (nautical) a line (rope or chain) that regulates the angle at which a sail is set in relation to the wind [syn: sheet, tack, mainsheet, weather sheet]
1 cover as if with a shroud; "The origins of this civilization are shrouded in mystery" [syn: enshroud, hide, cover]
2 form a cover like a shroud; "Mist shrouded the castle"
3 wrap in a shroud; "shroud the corpses"
EtymologyOld English scrūd
- Rhymes: -aʊd
- That which clothes, covers, conceals, or protects; a garment.
- Especially, the dress for the dead; a winding sheet.
- That which covers or shelters like a shroud.
- A covered place used as a retreat or shelter, as a cave or den; also, a vault or crypt.
- The branching top of a tree; foliage.
- A rope or cable serving to support the mast sideways.
- See also Wikipedia article on
- One of the two annular plates at the periphery of a water wheel, which form the sides of the buckets; a shroud plate.
dress for the dead
Shroud usually refers to an item, such as a cloth, that covers or protects some other object. The term is most often used in reference to burial sheets, or winding-sheets, such as the famous Shroud of Turin or Tachrichim (burial shrouds) that Jews are dressed in for burial. Traditionally, burial shrouds are made of white cotton, wool or linen, though any material can be used so long as it is made of natural fibre.
The Early Christian Church also strongly encouraged the use of winding-sheets, except for monarchs and bishops, and their use was general until at least the Renaissance - clothes were very expensive, and they had the advantage that a good set of clothes was not lost to the family. Orthodox Christians still sometimes use a burial shroud, usually decorated with a cross and the Trisagion. The special shroud that is used during the Orthodox Holy Week services is called an Epitaphios.
Other specific usages of the term "shroud" include:
shroud in French: Suaire
shroud in Polish: Całun
shroud in Portuguese: sudário
shroud in Russian: Плащаница
shroud in Turkish: Kefen
shroud in Ukrainian: Плащаниця
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